Your thyroid releases hormones responsible for growth, metabolism, development, and body temperature. Your thyroid sometimes releases too much hormone — or too little — can become enlarged, or even develop cancer. If you suspect you have a thyroid problem, make an appointment with experienced internist Dr. Natalie Doyle in Wilson, North Carolina. She diagnoses and treats a wide range of thyroid problems. Call Natalie A. Doyle, MD, PA today or use the online booking agent.
One of the most common conditions of the thyroid is hypothyroidism, when your thyroid gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone. It can be caused by an autoimmune disorder or surgical removal of the thyroid gland due to cancer.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism include:
Hyperthyroidism is diagnosed when your thyroid overproduces hormones. It can be caused by Grave’s disease, inflammation of the thyroid, or pituitary gland malfunction. Symptoms include:
Thyroid cancer is rare and often has no symptoms, but some people do develop a lump in the neck and hoarseness of voice. Usually, thyroid cancer is detected during a routine physical, so it’s important to get checked regularly.
If you are experiencing symptoms of a thyroid disorder, Dr. Doyle performs a comprehensive physical exam and medical review. She orders blood tests to measure the amount of thyroid your body is producing.
Usually, a low level of the hormone thyroxine and high level of the hormone TSH indicate an underactive thyroid, or hypothyroidism. High levels of thyroxine and low levels of TSH indicate an overactive thyroid, or hyperthyroidism.
In cases of hypothyroidism, Dr. Doyle typically prescribes levothyroxine, a synthetic version of the thyroid hormone. This helps you achieve normal thyroid hormone levels, relieving your symptoms. You take it orally and daily; the dosage is personalized to you.
Hyperthyroidism is usually treated with oral radioactive iodine, which helps to shrink the thyroid gland. Anti-thyroid medications are also available. Dr. Doyle considers the severity of your condition and symptoms when making a treatment plan.
Thyroid cancer usually requires surgery to remove the cancerous tissue on the thyroid and any surrounding lymph nodes. You then take synthetic thyroid hormone for the rest of your life to make up for the missing gland. Regular monitoring ensures you’re always getting the right dosage for you.
If you have symptoms that suggest a thyroid condition, call the office of Natalie A. Doyle, MD, PA or use the online booking agent to make an appointment today.